Logistic Management Information Systems (LMIS)
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The LMIS is an organized system for collecting, processing, reporting, and using health products data gathered across all levels of the health system. Effective supply chains depend on functional LMIS. LMIS data is essential for quantification processes and for planning distribution along the supply chain, avoiding overstocks and stock-outs.
LMIS digital tools include:
- Dispensing or point-of-service (POS) systems that track consumption at the health facility
- Electronic LMIS (eLMIS) solutions for reporting data, requisitioning or allocating products, visualizing data, and alerting users to performance issues
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- Warehouse management systems (WMS) for inventory control
- Fleeting management systems for transport and load planning
- Distribution planning systems for load and route planning
- Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems that manage many of these core functions, but also include finances, human resources, procurement, sales, and other business functions
- Development and use of national essential medicines list
- Source: The Supply Chain Manager’s Handbook, John Snow, Inc., 2017
Through its work in assessing national supply chains and supporting the development and implementation of strategic supply chain plans, UNDP has been strengthening national LMIS to collect, organize and process data on inventory, distribution, consumption of health products using electronic LMIS (eLMIS).
Currently, UNDP is supporting the implementation of eVIN (Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network), an innovative mobile phone-based eLMIS in over 10000 peripheral facilities in India for the supply of vaccines in partnership with the government, GAVI and a technical partner. This eLMIS allows the collection of data on stocks, expiry dates, and batch numbers, as well as enabling the monitoring and recording of temperature data. In Indonesia, UNDP is working with the Ministry of Health on a pilot of eVIN for vaccine supply.
UNDP has recently concluded a pilot project in Zambia on the use of a new eLMIS, the EZICS - Enhanced Zambian Inventory Control System, for 40 health products in around 60 health facilities. Results will be analysed and used to produce lessons learned.
UNDP has also strengthened warehouse management systems (WMS) in South-Sudan, Zambia, Guinea-Bissau, Djibouti and in the Pacific Islands multi-country project with the installation and training on the adopted WMS softwares.
Jointly with other UN agencies and donors participating in the Interagency Supply Chain Group, UNDP is piloting and implementing new eLMIS to expand data capture at the most peripheral levels of the supply chain. UNDP intends to gather lessons learned from the use of different eLMIS and new technologies in order to contribute to the harmonization of eLMIS guidance.
The basic elements of Logistic Management Information Systems are described in the following resources: