A comprehensive situational analysis of health data can help to identify who has, and who is at risk of a specific health problem in the country, compiling information on incidence, prevalence and the coverage, quality and uptake of prevention, treatment, care and support services, including for adolescent girls and young women, key populations and other vulnerable populations. However, it is equally important to consider legal, human rights and gender equality barriers that affect risk and vulnerability to health issues.

A country / national dialogue creates an open and safe space to bring together a wide range of key stakeholders from government (including health and non-health actors such as law, justice, education, police, prisons and labour), the private sector, non-governmental and civil society organizations representing vulnerable and key populations, faith-based organizations, academia and bilateral, multilateral and technical partners. It is a country-led process to facilitate frank dialogue about who has and is at risk of a health problem and the impact of laws and human rights on the lives of affected populations.

A country / national dialogue can help not only to understand the country situation but also to begin to identify rights-based and gender-sensitive activities, to build commitment and accountability, to form critical partnerships and to design programmes that promote responsibility amongst a broad range of stakeholders for creating enabling legal frameworks to respond to health.

Key resources