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Tuberculosis is the world’s leading killer amongst infectious diseases. A total of 1.5 million people died from TB in 2018 (including 251 000 people with HIV). Worldwide, TB is one of the top 10 causes of death and the leading cause from a single infectious agent (above HIV/AIDS).

#StepUpTheFight #WorldTBDay

TB has now surpassed HIV as the world’s deadliest infectious disease in all but the lowest income countries. Prison populations, those in poverty and people who use drugs are particularly vulnerable. UNDP partners with the Global Fund to support and strengthen multi-sectoral national responses to TB by providing integrated policy, programme and capacity development support.

Sentenced to prison, sentenced to TB?

As partners to a joint human rights programme for TB and HIV, supported by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the UNDP is operating in 10 African countries, working to remove legal barriers to access to health services by providing documentation of human rights violations, advocacy, strategic litigation and training for legal professionals.

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Finding the “Missing“ Cases of TB

Djibouti hosts more than 27,000 refugees from nearby Somalia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea, equivalent to roughly 3% of its population. With one of the highest densities of refugees in the world, crowded camps create a fertile breeding ground for the transmission of TB. To limit the spread of the disease and ensure no one is left behind, the Government of Djibouti, in partnership with UNDP, UNHCR and the Global Fund is working to bring diagnosis and treatment facilities into camps, reduce stigma and to stop TB in its tracks.

Ending TB by 2030 will require a partnership approach, which strengthens the capacity of national health systems to ensure camp populations and host communities affected by TB have equal access to the treatment, care, and support they need.

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Tackling TB in Tuvalu

No-one should be left behind in the fight to end tuberculosis (TB), which is now the world’s most infectious and deadly disease. Yet in 2017, 3.6 million people with TB were ‘missed’ by health systems and remained undiagnosed, or detected but not reported. With the first-ever UN High-Level Meeting on TB on the horizon, patients and healthcare workers from Tuvalu, a remote Pacific island, explain how diagnosis and treatment is being scaled-up across the Pacific and reaching directly into people’s homes and communities.

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WHO: Key facts

  • Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide.
  • TB is a leading killer of HIV-positive people.
  • Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) remains a public health crisis and a health security threat. WHO estimates that there were 558 000 new cases with resistance to rifampicin – the most effective first-line drug - of which, 82% had MDR-TB.
  • An estimated 54 million lives were saved through TB diagnosis and treatment between 2000 and 2017.
  • Ending the TB epidemic by 2030 is among the health targets of the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • In 2017, 10 million people fell ill with TB, and 1.6 million died from the disease (including 0.3 million among people with HIV).

Results achieved through the UNDP - Global Fund partnership

16 countries with a treatment success rate for TB over 80%

8 countries have seen TB incidence decrease by a third

10 countries where TB related mortality has decreased by more than a third

Source: The Global Fund

Deaths due to TB among HIV-negative people (per 100 000 population)

Source: World Health Organization

Treatment success in Djibouti

Through its partnership with the Global Fund in Djibouti, UNDP has supported the successful treatment of more than 3,000 people with TB.

treatment success rate for TB (2015)

Source: World Health Organization

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