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UNDP, working in partnership with the Global Fund and national partners, has tested and put on treatment 10,500 TB patients and provided 994,000 counselling and testing encounters for HIV.

UNDP has managed Global Fund HIV and TB grants in Kyrgyzstan since 2011. The previous HIV grant focused on preventing HIV by promoting human rights, gender equality, good governance, and mainstreaming HIV/AIDS, whilst the TB programme supported the consolidation and expansion of Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course (DOTS), with a focus on drug resistant forms of TB.

In 2016 UNDP became PR for the joint HIV/TB programme, the overall goal of which is to reduce the HIV and TB burden by providing universal access to TB diagnosis and treatment, using evidence-based HIV prevention programmes (primarily among key populations) and providing treatment care and support to people living with HIV. UNDP was PR for the malaria grant between 2011 and 2015, implementing prevention measures (distribution of protective nets and treatment of houses with IRS). No local transmission of malaria occurred in Kyrgyzstan between 2011 and 2013 and in November 2016 the country received official WHO malaria-free certification.

Key results - HIV

1,011,000 counselling and testing encounters for HIV

3,718 people currently on antiretroviral therapy

Source: UNDP (2018)

88% prevention of transmission of HIV from mother to child

Source: UNAIDS (2018)

Retention on ART 12 months after commencing treatment

Source: UNAIDS (2018)

Key results - TB

Case detection rate for TB

Source: World Health Organization (2017)

6705 cases successfully treated

Source: UNDP (2018)

Treatment success rate

Source: World Health Organization (2016)

TB incidence and mortality per 100,000 population

Source: World Health Organization

Maternal and infant mortality

Source: World Health Organization

Tackling TB in Kyrgyzstan’s prisons

In 2015, Aziz was being carried by his cell-mates to the prison doctor, so ill he could barely stand. Although Aziz did not realize it, he was at high risk of contracting the disease having looked after a family member with TB.

Fortunately for Aziz, doctors at the prison TB hospital were able to act swiftly and he began treatment immediately. The hospital is one of several supported by UNDP’s partnership with the Global Fund as part of a targeted effort to reach those at higher risk. After completing his sentence in February 2017, on the second day after his release, Aziz went to the civilian TB centre in Bishkek to ensure continuity of his treatment.

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