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Cuba was the first country to have eliminated the transmission of HIV from mother to child, a landmark in the global response to HIV.

Key results - HIV

UNDP has supported Cuba’s response to HIV and AIDS since 1998. Initially, support focused on obtaining resources for community education activities and HIV prevention resource centres. With the advent of the Global Fund, UNDP took on the role of Principal Recipient for all HIV/AIDS and TB grants provided to Cuba. Read more...
These grants funded prevention and treatment, community mobilization and support, and programming with key affected populations. Cuba’s HIV programme is now under transition to national funding, with the current round of funding supporting the transition plan. The aims of this are built on the basis of the National Strategy for HIV 2014-18, to ensure continuity of prevention policies, treatment for people living with HIV, quality diagnosis and follow-up, and further progress on the human rights of key populations. The UNDP-managed TB grant, which is no longer funded by the Global Fund, supported awareness campaigns and prevention efforts among at-risk communities to improve diagnosis and treatment of TB.

Transmission of HIV from mother to child eliminated

951,000 counselling and testing encounters for HIV

Source: UNDP (2018)

766,000 counselling and testing encounters for HIV

Source: UNDP

83% know their status (2018)

72% people living with HIV on ART (2018)

Source: UNAIDS

95% retention on ART 12 months after commencing treatment (2017)

Source: UNAIDS

HIV positive TB patients on ART in (2015)

Source: World Health Organization

Maternal and infant mortality rates

Source: World Health Organization

Elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

WHO recently declared Cuba as the first country to have eliminated the transmission of HIV from mother to child, a landmark in the response to HIV globally. Cuba’s comprehensive health system is available for all citizens equally and is effective in integrating the health care of mothers and children with the health management of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Because of this integration, Cuba has been able to offer early access to prenatal care, testing for both pregnant women and their partners and treating women and their babies when they test positive. These interventions are vital to preventing the transmission from mother to child. Because of Cuba’s comprehensive prevention programme, in 2013 only two babies were born with HIV.

The World Health Organization has declared Cuba the first country to eliminate transmission of HIV from mother to child.
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